Overview

Overview Canadian nationality law determines who is and who is not a Canadian citizen. Canadian nationality is typically obtained by birth in Canada, birth abroad when at least one parent is a Canadian citizen and was born or naturalized in Canada, or by adoption abroad by at least one Canadian citizen.

It can also be granted to a permanent resident who has lived in Canada for a period of time.

Canada permits dual citizenship. However, not all countries permit their citizens to hold Canadian citizenship (i.e. countries who do not permit dual citizenship) if they become a Canadian.

Individuals who are applying to become a Canadian citizen are required to submit an application and to write a citizenship test. Children under the age of eighteen (18) and adults over the age of fifty-five (55) are not required to write the test. The test requires knowledge of English or French, a general knowledge about Canada’s history, geography and political system.

When to Apply

It is important to be sure that the Applicant is eligible to apply for citizenship. Applicants must acquire the requisite number of days in Canada before applying for citizenship. If the Applicant applies too early, they will not be eligible. There is no refund of the processing fee.

Eligibility to Apply

The Applicant must have resided in Canada for three (3) of the past five (5) years immediately prior to his/her application, and after having obtained permanent residency.

For further information regarding the procedures for applying for Canadian citizenship, please contact our office.